Pleased to have a paper (open Access) out with collaborators Uli Klumper, Elze Hesse and Will Gaze and former MSc students Louise Sibleyras and Lai Ka Lo (see Lai Ka in this old post). I cannot really say it better than the Abstract (and I am lazy), so I’ll leave it at that!
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as one of the most pressing threats to public health. AMR evolution occurs in the clinic but also in the environment, where antibiotics and heavy metals can select and co-select for AMR. While the selective potential of both antibiotics and metals is increasingly well-characterized, experimental studies exploring their combined effects on AMR evolution are rare. It has previously been demonstrated that fluoroquinolone antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin can chelate metal ions. To investigate how ciprofloxacin resistance is affected by the presence of metals, we quantified selection dynamics between a ciprofloxacin-susceptible and a ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli strain across a gradient of ciprofloxacin concentrations in presence and absence of zinc. The presence of zinc reduced growth of both strains, while ciprofloxacin inhibited exclusively the susceptible one. When present in combination zinc retained its inhibitory effect, while ciprofloxacin inhibition of the susceptible strain was reduced. Consequently, the minimal selective concentration for ciprofloxacin resistance increased up to five-fold in the presence of zinc. Environmental pollution usually comprises complex mixtures of antimicrobial agents. In addition to the usual focus on additive or synergistic interactions in complex selective mixtures, our findings highlight the importance of antagonistic selective interactions when considering resistance evolution.
Michiel Vos, Louise Sibleyras, Lai Ka Lo, Elze Hesse, William Gaze, Uli Klümper, Zinc can counteract selection for ciprofloxacin resistance, FEMS Microbiology Letters, , fnaa038, https://doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnaa038