Last week I visited the ‘StrAda’ (Streptomyces Adaptation) lab of Pierre Leblond at the University of Nancy in France. Pierre and his colleagues, including Cyril Bontemps, have been isolating and genome-sequencing Streptomyces from very fine spatial scales which formed the basis of a good day of discussion. There are some interesting parallels between Streptomycetes and Myxobacteria: both are important components of soil communities (but also occur in marine environments), have large genomes with high GC content, partly multicellular life cycles which includes spore formation, and a rich diversity in secondary metabolites. There are many differences as well, Streptomyces for instance have linear chromosomes. We discussed a plan to apply for a grant, combining our interests in the evolution of soil bacteria and recombination, which I hope to post about in the future. All in all a very stimulating trip, with great hosts, great discussion and some great French food as well!